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Salt Scrubs - (also Salt Glow and Salt Rub ) A cleansing, exfoliating spa proceedure using a paste made from sea salt and water or
almond oil. The compound is gently massaged over the body and then rinsed off with fresh water.
Sauna - see Steam & Sauna
Scotch Hose - is the use of alternating hot and cold water sprays to massage a
standing client. It is a relatively high pressured hose, used at a specific distance and gives a very specific hydromassage of the body.
Seaweed Body Wrap - After a light massage with an essential oil, the body
is painted with a seaweed mixture and then may or may not be wraped in a plastic sheet. Usually no heat is applied, but use of a specialized electric blanket which is programmed for targeted zones of the body
may be used in some spas. The wrap is maintained for twenty minutes to enhance perspiration and detoxification. The client is then given a shower treatment and an application of marine lotion for maximum
skin tissue remineralization.
Self-Help or Self-Improvement - the act or instance of improving one's self without assistance from others. This usually entails resolving or eliminating poor self-image,
non-productive thought patterns, painful memories of past trauma, habits, addictions or improving confidence, physical conditions or skills through repeated positive affirmations. It may include self-healing,
personal growth, self-hypnosis, guided imagery or subliminal messaging.
Shamanic Drumming is a term used to encompass a range of drumming beats and techniques used to induce a shamanic trance state during which
the practitioner (shaman) or the client will journey in non-ordinary reality to; gain information, meet and retrieve power animals or spirits, or effect a cure to a physical, emotional or spiritual situation.
The Shaman or an assistant will beat the drum at 120 to 180 beats per minute for several minutes (twenty minutes to as long as an hour). It is thought that the sonic driving force of the percussion actually
slows the brain wave frequency to an alpha or even theta brain wave pattern, thus facilitating the waking trance state. At the discretion of the shaman or the assistant a pre-agreed rhythm will signal that the
journey should end and the client return to ordinary reality. Other drum beats may be used to connect with mother earth, the six directions, to give thanks, or prepare the space for ritual drumming. See also
Shamanism ( See Spiritual/Shamanic Healing )
Shiatsu is a Japanese word that means 'finger pressure'. The most widely known form of acupressure, shiatsu has been used in Japan for more
than 1,000 years. It is a system based on the body's energy meridians. Utilizing traditional Chinese acupuncture points , this bodywork technique uses thumb, finger and palm pressure rather than
needles. Shiatsu massages are normally done fully clothed and involve pressing points on the body and stretching and opening of the energy meridians. Its proponents view it as a form of
treatment alternative to medicine or surgery. Although the term is sometimes used as synonymous with acupressure, Shiatsu as practiced in the Western world is more like a full body massage therapy treatment,
while acupressure addresses finger pressure on specific points for a specific effect. There are many variations of Shiatsu which are practiced in the U.S.; Zen Shiatsu, Five Element Shiatsu, Ohashiatsu
are a few. (Toru Namikoshi's Complete Book of Shiatsu Therapy -- published by Japan Pubs., Inc. with ISBN 0-87040-461-x in 1981 -- claims to be the definitive work;
Soft Tissue Release (STR) is a
powerful sports injury treatment technique developed by Stuart Taws while working with the British Athletic Team. STR deals directly with the reasons for soft tissue disfunctions and subsequent referred pain
and nerve entrapment. In accute situations, STR affects the insidious way scar tisue is formed and in chronic conditions STR breaks up the fibrotic and adhered mass of scar tissue to quickly allow the muscle
to return to its natural resting length.
Soma Neuromuscular Integration This bodywork method seeks to improve posture, joint function, and body alignment through deep manipulation of of the muscular and
connective tissue. The ten-session process, which incorporates movement training and other adjuncts, also seeks to promote greater access to the functioning of each hemisphere of the brain. People with
conditions such as chronic back pain, arthritis, asthma, scoliosis. and headaches have sought relief from this method.
Sound Therapy - The therapeutic use of sound and music to reduce anxiety and emotional
stress, lower blood pressure and heart rate, and promote healing. ( see also Toning & Tuning )
Spa Therapies. A variety of body treatments administered in spas which may or may not include
massage. Aromatherapy, Body Scrubs, Herbal Baths, Herbal Wraps, Kneipp therapy, Loofah body scrubs, Mud baths, Parafango, Salt scrubs, Scotch hose, Seaweed body wraps, Steam & Sauna, Swiss Shower,
Thalassotherapy, Hydrotherapy treatments, etc.
Spiritual/Shamanic Healing. Practitioners of both spiritual and shamanic healing often regard themselves as conductors of healing energy from the
spiritual realm. Both may call upon spiritual 'helpers' such as power animals (characteristic of the shaman), angels, guides, inner teachers, the client's higher self, or other
spiritual forces. Futhermore spiritual healing emphasizes that the healing energy is not that of the practitioner, but of higher forces outside of the practitioner, which they are channeling or focusing
on the client. It is up to the client to heal themselves (or not) using the additional energy supplied through the practitioner. This is distinct from psychic healing in which the practitioner focuses their
personal energy on a client with the intent to heal a specific condition, thereby 'forcing' a healing on the client. By this definition, Reiki is spiritual healing, while Therapeutic touch and
Mariel are psychic healing. Both spiritual and shamanic forms of healing can be used as part of treatment for a range of emotional and physical illnesses.
Sports Massage ( See Massage, Sports) (see also
article by Don Gillmore,"What is Spots Massage" )
Sports Medicine involves the prevention and treatment of injuries to athletes and other physically active people, as well as the use of exercise for
recovery from non-sports injuries. Orthopedic (musculoskelatal system) surgeons (MDs) often specialize in sports medicine. This is a specialization of Allopathic medicine and is not necessarily an alternative
or holistic healing modality.
St. John's Method - Paul St. John, founder and director of St. John Neuromuscular Therapy Seminars and the St. John Neuromuscular Pain Relief Institute, is named the modern
developer of Neuromuscular Therapy by Milady's Theory & Practice of Therapeutic Massage, 2nd edition.(See Neuromuscular Therapy)
Steam & Sauna Rooms - These are highly therapeutic heated rooms, which
are often used prior to a scrub, wrap, massage or hydrotherapy treatment such as a cold plunge, swiss shower or scotch hose. A steam room is a ceramic lined room with wet heat. Steam should not exceed 110 to
130 degrees Farenheit (120 degrees Farenheit is ideal). The traditional Finnish sauna is a wood lined room with dry heat generated by a stove over which a small amount of water is thrown onto a heap of heated
stones. Temperature in a sauna should not exceed 160 to 216 degrees Farenheit ( 180 to 190 degrees F is ideal). A recent popular variation of the dry heat sauna is the Far Infrared (FIR) Sauna, which relies on
radiant heat panels in the far infrared spectrum. These saunas transmit heat deep into the tissues without heating the surrounding air. Elevated air temperatures are achived from the re-radiated heat of the sauna
walls. The exposure to full body heat should be limited and monitored.
Structural Integration A systematic approach to relieving patterns of stress and impaired functioning, structural integration seeks
to correct misalignments in the body created by gravity and physical and psycological trauma. As in Rolfing , in ten sessions the practitioner uses hands, arms, and elbows to apply pressure to the fascia, or
connective tissue, while the client participates through directed breathing.
Subliminal Images - a form of subliminal messaging, which bypasses the concious minds ability to evaluate and reject
Subliminal Messaging - the use of images, sounds or thoughts, which bypass our concious mind's ability to block or negate information. A self-help technique. The premiss is that
our sub-concious minds are always listening to our thoughts and accepts them at face value. However, if we have a negative self-image or low self-esteem, our concious mind will reject any suggestion that we
are as an example: attractive, intellegent or worthy of finding happiness. Subliminal messaging attempts to bypass the concious gate guard and plant the seeds of positive affirmations, which will lead to real
Swedish massage (See Massage, Swedish)
Swiss shower - is one in which fresh water is sprayed over the body from both overhead and side-positioned needle-like jet valves. A massaging and
invigorating effect is created by varying the spray velocity and temperature.
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Tai Chi - ( also Tai Chi Chu'an, Taiji or Taiji Quan) Consists of graceful, continuous movements combined with
breathing control to promote relaxation, balance, flexibility, muscle tone, and coordination while improving participants overall physical and mental agility. Tai chi teaches the cultivation, balancing and focusing
of internal energy (chi). This ancient art that dates back to the 8th century is based on traditional defensive and offensive techniques. In addition to bare hand techniques, weapons such as the sword, saber
and spear are also used. Several schools of Tai Chi include the Chen, Yang, Wu and Sun. Tai chi has been used as part of treatments for back problems, ulcers, and stress. See also Martial Arts.
Tai Chi Chih
originated by Justin F. Stone, an artist, writer, and Tai Chi Ch'uan instructor in the 1970s, who felt the need for a simpler more direct way for westerners to learn a system of 'moving
meditation'. There are only 19 movements and one pose. The simple flowing moves of Tai Chi Chih cultivate, refine, and balance one's internal chi (vital force energy).
Tantra - There are three
traditional schools of Tantra, Kuala, Mishra and Samaya. Each school focuses on energzing different chakras, but all seek enlightenment through activation of Kundalini energy rising to pierce the crown chakra
(ajna) there by attaining union with the one. Within these schools activation of the Kundalini energy may be sought through left hand (physical senses) or right hand (symbolic/mental) exercises. Read
definitions of the Tantric schools by Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati. In the West, we seem to focus on a very specific subset of left handed Kuala Tantra which seeks transformation using sexual energy symbolizing
the male within the female. Within each of us when the male principle of consciousness (in the head) and the female principle of earth (in the body) are in loving union, enlightenment manifests - light
into matter, the whole universe embodied within. To learn more about Tantric yoga, visit the Tantra Magazine Online.
Tapotement; Springy tapping, chopping or close fisted movements, generally applied to the body
at a steady, rapid pace to create rhythmical compression to the tissue also known as percussion. One of the four basic strokes of Swedish massage.
Thai Massage ( also called Traditional Thai Medical Massage
or Nuad Bo Rarn ) has been taught and practiced in Thailand for about 2,500 years. Although the origins are somewhat vague, credit for the origin of Thai Massage is given to a famous Indian doctor, Shvago Komarpaj,
who was the personal physician of the Buddha and Magadha king. It is said to have originated in the Vajrayana Yogic medicine of Tibet before coming to Thailand. Historically, manipulation was one of the
four branches composing traditional Thai ceremonies or magical practices. This is based on the theory that the body is made up of 72,000 Sen, or energy lines, of which ten hold top priority. Thai massge
also involves peripheral stimulating, meaning it acts as an external stimulant to produce specific internal effects. This point serves as a main division between Thai and Western massage. Another
difference is that Thai massage is practiced on a firm matt on the floor instead of on a table. This is instrumental in the effective use of the practitioner's body weight for compression and
stretching. The Thais believe that stretching, compressing, and applying torque to the musculo-skelatal system create energy as well as releasing blockages and allowing relaxation. Thai massage has been
called 'Lazy Man's Yoga'. Within Thailand there are two 'styles' of massage 'Northern' and 'Southern' Thai massage. Except for the feet, the client remains fully
clothed, so draping is not necessary.
Thalassotherapy - is the use of sea water or a seaweed product in a hydrotherapy treatment. Sea water and seaweed contain trace elements, vitamins, and minerals which
help stimulate blood circulation, eliminate toxins, tone and remineralize the body.
The Work ( see Byron Katie Work )
Therapeutic Massage See Massage, Therapy )
Therapeutic Touch This laying-on of hands
therapeutic technique was developed by Delores Krieger, Ph.D., R.N., and Dor Kunz, clairvoyant and gifted healer, in the 1970s in the United States. Used extensively by registered nurses in hospitals to
nurture premature babies and to increase the recovery of some patients, including in the emergency room. Gentle and non-invasive, it works on and above the body. Using a meditative process,
Therapeutic Touch disperses blocked energy and allows the practitioner to channel healing energy to the client. The reciever may be sitting or lying down and may be concious or unconcious during the
treatment. The receiver ultimately heals herself. The practitioner's role is only to give of her own energy reserves in order to boost the healing process in the receiver.
Holistic. This is a generic term which can be applied to a range of treatments for healing a combination of body, mind and/or spirit. The underlying premiss being that imbalances in thought
patterns, energy patterns, emotions, and/or spiritual connection will ulimately manifest as an acute, chronic or degenerative physical ailment(s).
Toning - Using the human voice to make healing sounds
of any nature. These sounds open up our body to become more ourself. Several vowel sounds are thought to be particularly effective. For example: Ahh, Eehh, Oohh, Ohmm. In "Chakra Therapy", Keith
Sherwood suggests the following sound correspondences:
U -- in the lower part of the spine
O -- in the belly
in the heart, chest
E -- in the throat
I -- in the third eye
Hm -- in the crown
Touch for Health
Developed by chiropractor John Thie, Touch for Health combines methods and techniques which include acupuncture principles, acupressure, muscle testing , massage , and dietary guidelines. The method of
treatment requires a second person who performs muscle testing. This determines which muscles are strong or weak, indicating if a physical problem or organ malfunction exists. Once weak muscles are
determined, a variety of methods are used as part of a muscle strengthening program. Such techniques as finger pressure on neuro-vascular holding points on the head and pressure on the acupressure
holding points. After the muscles are strengthened, Touch for Health theory states that energy then flows through the body, improving vitality and ability to maintain good health.
Medicine ( See Chinese Medicine )
Traditional Oriental Medicine ( See Chinese Medicine )
Traditional Thai Medical Massage - See Thai Massage
Trager Psychophysical Integration developed by Milton
Trager (usually just called Trager) uses light, gentle, non-intrusive movements to facilitate the release of deep-seated physical and mental patterns. Each part of the client's body is moved rhythmically
so that the recipient experiences the possibility of moving lightly, effortlessly, and freely on their own. A Trager session should help reduce stress from chronic tension, teach more effective ways to recover
from stressful situations, enhance conscious awareness and flexibility, improve self-image, expand energy, restore free flowing movement and full self-expression by reducing constriction and rigidity. A Trager
session can bring about the experience of peace and serenity -- a high-energy state of well-being beyond relaxation.
Trigger Point Myotherapy ( also referred to as Trigger Point Therapy ) is a pain-relief
technique to alleviate muscle spasms and cramping. The therapist locates and deactivates `trigger points', which are often tender areas where muscles have been damaged or acquired a reccurring spasm or
`kink' that worsens painfully when aggravated. Trigger Points typically 'refer' pain to areas surrounding or even very distant from the 'tender' point'. The major goals are to reduce
spasm inducing new blood flow into the affected area. The spasms are partly maintained by nervous system feedback (pain-spasm-pain) cycle. Spasms also physically reduce blood flow to the trigger point area
(ischemia), reducing oxygen supplied to the tissues and increasing the spasm. ( see also, Bonnie Pruden Myotherapy ).
Pressure is applied to trigger points, for a short time (between about 7 to 10 seconds
per point), which can be momentarily painful but is greatly relieving. It is common to hit the same trigger points several times during a session, but you won't be leaning into a sore spot for
several minutes. Often ice or another cooling agent is used to reduce nervous system response, making the area easier and more comfortable to work. Then the muscles are gently stretched to complete the
relaxation process, hence the name `spray and stretch'.
Tui Na - The term Tui Na first appeared in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) texts as pediatric tui na (xiao or tuina). "Tui" means
literally to push and "Na" is a squeezing and lifting technique. The names of these two techniques are used to represent the system. Practitioners of tui na claim that there are over 365
different hand techniques, although they can generally be placed in the categoriy of either pressing, rubbing, waving, shaking, percussion, or manipulating.
Tuning (Harmonic Healing) - Using harmonic
vibrations to bring the body's vibrational frequencies back into their healthy normal resonant states. Developed by Christopher Tymmes to replicate the effect of Tibetan monk chanting.
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